My advice is: once you have brought your guitar home, take it out of its case and leave it out. Cases are for transporting your guitar, not for storing them at home. Hang it on the wall if you're worried about it being knocked over, or buy a guitar stand. Unless you live next door to a chemical factory or Niagara Falls, you needn't worry about 'the elements'.
Why? Well, first of all, guitars are beautiful to look at, but more importantly, when they're out and within reach, you wind up playing them more often. Regular, frequent playing is the key to making progress. If you start stashing your guitar away under the bed in its case for fear of the elements, you'll forget it's there after a while and your grandson will be selling it for a small fortune as a "never been played" antique in the year 2082 when you're pushing up daisies.
The factor which will have the biggest influence on whether you become a guitarist or not is the quality of your first guitar. Nothing turns a beginner off quicker than a crappy instrument that is difficult, if not downright painful, to play. It's almost impossible to progress if you're hindered by a guitar that, for example, buzzes at certain frets, or whose intonation is out (meaning it will never be able to be tuned), or whose action is so high that it hurts to make a chord.If at all possible, take some one with you to the store who knows about guitars. Remember, the salesman has his own reasons as to why you should purchase either this or that guitar. Don't jump into anything and shop around. Hopefully, you will already have played at least a bit on a friend's instrument, and you'll have an idea of what you're after. These days the Internet makes it much easier to know what's out there; read reviews by real customers, and remember that if the brand has a good reputation, all things can be adjusted later on. Here are some things to consider:
Price — You don't have to spend a fortune in this day and age to buy a very good instrument. If you're following my suggestion that you begin on a nylon string guitar, a few hundred dollars will buy you a fine instrument to start out on. The more you can afford, of course, the better guitar you'll take home with you. Remember, the better the instrument, the longer you'll have it. The first good guitar I bought (A Swedish-made Goya Nylon string) in 1967, is still with me. If you're buying a second-hand guitar, ask yourself why it's up for sale.
Brand — It's easy enough these days to research brands. There are so many well made guitars now, from many different countries. Modern technology has made that possible. Use the Internet to get advice on what's what.
Workmanship — I'm not talking about an expert opinion here, I mean look for obvious flaws, like: jagged edged frets, poor finish, machine heads that squeak and don't turn properly etc.
Straight neck — It's easy enough to sight down the length of the neck. Hold it up flat, get your eye as close to the nut as you can and sight down the edge of the fretboard toward the body of the guitar. It should be nice and straight. If you see any kind of bowing, twisting or warping, forget it.
Action — A word used to describe the distance that the strings are from the fretboard. This can be adjusted to a degree, but guitars with very high action should be rejected.
Tone — The guitar should ring when you strike a note and it should take a while for the note to fade. Brand new guitars in the shop should have new strings on them, so if they don't ring, or the note dies away quickly or suddenly, forget it. You'll probably never get it to sound good.
Playability — The most important factor of all. Even if you know very little about playing, does it feel good in your hands? Can you slide your hand up and down the neck without feeling any nasties — like fret edges or rough finish? Can you get some kind of vibe for it? Could this guitar become your friend?