Guitar Lessons for Beginners ::: Bluesy Style Lessons ::: Americana Finger-Style Lessons ::: Christmas Carol Lessons
Difficulty Rating: Beginner-Intermediate
Lesson by: Kirk Lorange
Here's one the copyright police won't be interested in: it was written back in 1850 something by Stephen Foster. It's a classic.
I've been meaning to do a lessons demonstrating the use of different bass lines for a while and this simple tune lends itself perfectly to that end. I've kept it very simple, though, so even beginners will be able to handle it.
It's in our favorite key: G. Once again, the way the guitar is tuned and laid out makes G a great key for lessons as the related chords are all open chords. I'm very aware of how difficult barre chords are for the first few months of playing guitar ... no need to discourage you right from the start!
You'll notice I didn't include the usual chord diagrams in the tab or in the movie for this one. That's because the way I arranged it turned what is usually a very simple I-IV-V chord progression into something much more complex, even though no full chords are being used. I figured it would just confuse everyone if I were to insert the names of the chords I hint at in this version.
So ... the main point of this lesson, apart from giving a nice little tune to play, is to show you how a simple melody can be underpinned by any number of bass lines and that by doing so, the overall 'vibe' of the tune keeps changing.
To be specific: the simple melody that we all know occurs three times in this rendition, at bars 2-3, 4-5 and 8-9 ... the first occurrence at bars 2-3 ends a little differently than the other two, but essentially, it's the same. But, you'll notice how each time I use a different bass line. The first time I move up through the scale starting at the root, G; the next I move up starting at the major 3rd, B (don't worry if you don't understand all this theory jargon) the last time I move down through the scale starting at the root again. I think you'll agree that it makes for an interesting sound, and how each snippet of melody has a different feel to it, a different flavor. This is a very simple example, but you often hear this kind of thing in movie soundtracks, where the theme is treated in various ways to suit the mood of the scene. Bass lines are a good place to start making those changes. Once you have a melody line and bass line, you can fill the middle register in with other notes and create chords. I might take this tune and demonstrate exactly that next time.
I've made a separate midi file of just the bass line so you can hear how it changes each time. I suggest when you piece this together that you work on each line and make sure you know what each sounds like on its own.
As always, have fun with it, take breaks as necessary, and work on making it all flow as a unit.